Days in Japanese on a Calendar

by Buddy Lindsey

Calendar thanks to Maki Maki follow link for more info. Maki Maki’s Page

Calendar property of Maki Maki follow link for more info.

As you go through learning Japanese one thing comes up in the basics, Times and Dates.  Below is a table for dates like 1st, 2nd, 3rd, etc…, and Sunday through Saturday.  Sorry, I don’t have the kanji for the days, but you should be able to build it yourself farily easily with a bit of research on it ;)  Please look over the table and start learning it becomes important and is simple to some degree once you see the patterns.  Check here for Months in Japanese.

Calendar

日曜日 月曜日 火曜日 水曜日 木曜日 金曜日 土曜日
にちようび げつようび かようび すいようび もくようび きんようび どようび
Sunday Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday
1 2 3 4 5 6
ついたち ふつか みっか よっか いつか むいか
7 8 9 10 11 12 13
なのか ようか ここのか とおか じゅういちにち じゅうににち じゅうさんにち
14 15 16 17 18 19 20
じゅうよっか じゅうごにち じゅうろくにち じゅうしちにち じゅうはちにち じゅうくにち はつか
21 22 23 24 25 26 27
にじゅういちにち にじゅうににち にじゅうさんにち にじゅうよっか にじゅうごにち にじゅうろくにち にじゅうしちにち
28 29 30 31
にじゅうはちにち にじゅうくにち さんじゅうにち さんじゅういちにち

Summary

For the first 10 days and 20 you just have to memorize it. :( I have yet to figure out a way to remember without pure memorization.  However, the rest of the days are easy to figure out.  They look complex but really aren’t.

To figure out the days from the 11th – 31st (minus 14th, 20th, and 24th) you are just building numbers and adding nichi (-にち) onto it.  Here are some examples:

  • 15th – (15- jugo) – day (nichi)  – jugonichi (じゅうごにち)
  • 18th – (18 – juhachi) – day (nichi) – juhachinichi (じゅうはちにち)
  • 22 – (22 – nijuni) – day (nichi) – nijuninichi (にじゅうににち)
  • 28 – (23 – nijusan) – day (nichi) – nijusannichi (にじゅうはちにち)
  • 30 – (30 – sanju) – day (nichi) – sanjunichi (さんじゅうにち)
  • 31 – (31 – sanjuichi) – day (nichi) – sanjuichinichi (さんじゅういちにち)

So much like numbers in Japanese dates are very similar, because they are numbers ;), you just build them.

I hope this helps let me know if you need more info or not.

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Days in Japanese on a Calendar - Dumb Otaku
January 1, 2010 at 3:17 am

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