Japanese Verb Conjugation Present and Future Tense

by Buddy Lindsey

DearS kajime

Yesterday we talked about understanding u-verbs and ru-verbs, and knowing which was which and how to tell them apart. Knowing yesterdays information is very important for doing verb conjugation which is a pretty big part of any language. If you haven’t had a chance to read understanding u-verbs and ru-verbs do that right now before continuing.

Now lets get started; first we will do Present and Future. Like English Present and Future tense words are said the same, but depending on the rest of the sentence it will determine the tense. We are only going to discuss how to put it in the tense not the context.


If the Verb is a ru-verb then we simply drop the る at the end and add ます(masu) for affirmative or ません(masen) for negative. Here are some examples:


  • たべます
  • たべません

  • ます
  • ません


  • おきます
  • おきません

Notice in each one we just substituted for る(ru) ます or ません.


Those are some pretty easy things to follow when it comes to ru-verbs. Fortunately u-verbs are about as easy just a differen step. For u-verbs instead of dropping the last character you change it to the i vowel/sound and ad ます and ません. And here are some examples

  • ます
  • ません

  • ます
  • ません


  • はなます
  • はなません

  • ます
  • ません

  • ます
  • ません

In the above example we took the last character change it to the i sound of the character set and added masu and masen. For a romaji version here is what we did:

nomu -> nomi
yomu -> yomi
hanasu -> hanashi
kiku -> kiki
iku -> iki

I think it is pretty simple once you practice a bit. I recommend getting some verbs and practicing. But before that lets move on the the final set of verbs. Irregular verbs.

irregular verbs

In this case irregular verbs are just like u-verbs change the last character to the i sound and ます and ません. And some examples.


  • べんきょうします
  • べんきょうしません


  • きます
  • きません


  • します
  • しません

See nothing too painful. Read over it a few times do some practicing and I think you should be good at understanding the basics of verb conjigation.

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